Horto de Dois Irmãos

Maria do Carmo Andrade
Joaquim Nabuco Foundation Librarian
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  The Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos – Dois Irmãos (Two Brothers) State Park – also known as Jardim Zoobotânico (Zoological-Botanic Garden) or Horto Florestal (Forest Garden), is located at Praça Farias Neves, in the Recife neighbourhood of Dois Irmãos.

The history of the Park dates back to the foundation of the Dois Irmãos Forest Garden, when in the first half of the 19th century the land where the neighbourhood of Dois Irmãos is today belonged to the Apipucos Plantation, founded in 1577 and owned by the brothers Tomas Lins Caldas and Antônio Lins Caldas.

There was an area on the plantation called Pedra Mole (Soft Stone) where there was a big lake known as Lago da Prata (Silver Lake). The Horto Florestal de Dois Irmãos was created on the site of Pedra Mole during the period that Dantas Barreto was the governor of Pernambuco, from 1911 to 1915.

The reserve, considered to be one of the largest areas of Atlantic Forest in Pernambuco, allows visitors to experience its ecosystem and its native plants and animals, such as sloths, monkeys and an enormous range of birds.

On 14 January 1939, during the federal interim government in Pernambuco of Agamenon Magalhães, the Jardim Zoobotânico de Dois Irmãos was created in the Forest Garden, having as its first director the professor and ecologist João de Vasconcelos Sobrinho (1908-1989), one of the first people from Pernambuco to fight for environmental causes in the State and who was responsible for the introduction of the study of ecology as a science in Brazilian universities.

The Jardim Zoobotânico de Dois Irmãos was transformed into an Ecological Reserve by Law nº 9.989, on 13 January 1989. From 7 September 1997, the Garden began to be called Parque Dois Irmãos, covering an area of 387.4 hectares, including the Prata, Meio and Dois Irmãos lakes, as well as the 14 hectares of built-up area.

Finally, on 29 December 1998, the state government o passed Law nº 11.622, transforming the Dois Irmãos Ecological Reserve into the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, currently under the control of the Secretary of Science, Technology and Environment.

The Park has approximately 850 animals and over 120 species of birds, reptiles and mammals, and is a leader in delivering activities in the environmental education area and in reproducing animals in captivity.

It is also a tourist spot with an environment suited for picnics, visited by people of all ages and social classes, especially by children discovering the flora and fauna of Pernambuco.

Recife, 28 August 2008.
(Updated on 9 September 2009).
Translated by Peter Leamy, February 2011.


DOIS Irmãos. Revista Policial de Pernambuco, Recife, p. 4-5, jun. 1962.

HORTO Zôo-botânico de Dois Irmãos. Disponível em: <http://www.bicharada.net/animais/zoos.php?id=30>. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2008.

PARQUE Dois Irmãos. Disponível em: <http://sergiosakall.com.br/introdução/zoo_recife.html>. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2008.

PERNAMBUCO DE A/Z. Disponível em: <http://www.pernambucodeaz.com.com.subsecao_ler.php?id=MTg2>. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2008.


Source: ANDRADE, Maria do Carmo. Horto de Dois Irmãos. Pesquisa Escolar On-Line, Joaquim Nabuco Foundation, Recife. Available at:  <http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009.


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