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Etelvino Lins

Virgínia Barbosa
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 Etelvino Lins de Albuquerque was bornin Alagoa de Baixo, today the municipality of Sertânia in the state of Pernambuco, on 20 November 1908, to Ulysses Lins de Albuquerque and Rosa Bezerra Lins de Albuquerque.

He studied in Recife at the Oswaldo Cruz and Diocesano Pernambucano schools. He was approved in a public exam for the Post Office to serve as a telegrapher, and worked there from 1927 to 1929 while he was still a Law and Social Sciences student at the Recife Faculty of Law, graduating in 1930.

Etelvino Lins already was showing his political tendencies at that time: he was a student leader and participated in the fight against the Estácio Coimbra government.

After his graduation in law, he left his job at the Post Office and became public prosecutor of the Districts of Goiana (1931-1932) and Caruaru, being a professor at the local high school (Ginásio) in the latter.

Politically, Brazil was going through avery chaotic period with the Revolution of 1930. In Pernambuco state, the revolution brought about profound political changes. Getúlio Vargas, as if thanking Carlos de Lima Cavalcanti for the political support of his candidacy for president of Brazil, appointed him as Federal Interventor for Pernambuco (1930-1937).

In 1933, Etelvino Lins married Djanira Falcão, who accompanied him throughout his professional and political life, and with whom he had eight children.

Also in 1933, Etelvino Lins was appointed to the 2nd Precinct of Recife, and at the end of this year, transferred to the Auxiliary Police. In this position, he helped to quell the communist putsch (a political-military rebellion encouraged by the Brazilian Communist Party – PCB – in November 1935 with the aim of overthrowing President Getúlio Vargas and install a socialist government in Brazil) that broke out in Recife, led by Lieutenant Lamartine Coutinho and Sergeant Gregório Bezerra.

During the period of the Estado Novo (New State), he served as Secretary of State Government in 1937 – when the interventor was Amaro de Azambuja Vilanova, soon replaced by Agamenon Magalhães– and Secretary of Homeland Security in the period from 1937 to 1945.

Indeed, some historians claim that Agamenon Magalhães inspired many politicians,  such as Paulo Guerra and Etelvino Lins, and also the personification of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) that he envisioned and created in the state of Pernambuco, supported by Etelvino, who was responsible for growing the Party and winning elections.

In 1945, Etelvino assumed the role of State Governor for a year (March-November 1945) when Agamenon was appointed to the Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs. That year, a remarkable event for political history in Pernambuco, was the death of a law student, Demócrito de Souza Filho, in the square of the Diario de Pernambuco (Independência Square). Some blamed the interventor, Etelvino, for the violent action by the police, but many acquitted him.

From 1950, Agamenon returned to being the Governor of Pernambuco as the successor of  Barbosa Lima Sobrinho (1948-1951). However, after two years, Agamenon died, and because there wasn’ta vice-governor, the president of the Legislative Assembly, Torres Galvão, assumed the position. The PSD leadership in Pernambuco passed to Etelvino Lins, and his candidacy for the state administration, launched by the PSD, had the support of the Pernambuco political parties – PSD-UDN-PDC-PL – except for the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB),who nominated Osório Borba as their candidate. Etelvino Lins won the elections in October 1952, and remained as governor until 1955. To assume the position, he resigned as senator,a position he had held from1946 to 1952.

Due state budget constraints in the year following the beginning of his administration, Etelvino only proceeded with measures already started byAgamenon Magalhães.

From 1955 to 1959, he was appointed by President Café Filhoas Minister of the Public Auditing Court (TCU) and ran for the Presidency of Republic with the UDN, but resigned in favour of General JuarezTávora, who competed against Juscelino Kubitschek.

He was elected as Federal Representative, serving two terms (1959-1963 and 1971-1975), and was the author of thelaw that prohibits candidates to donate food and transportation toelectors in order to garner votes.

On 18 October 1980, aged 72, EtelvinoLins de Albuquerque died. Because he always encouraged educational initiatives, the Pernambuco Secretary of Education honoured him by giving his name to a school.

Recife, 14 june 2007.

 (Updated on 14 september 2009).

Translated by Peter Leamy, February 2012.

SOURCES CONSULTED:

ALCÂNTARA, Christiane. Paulo Guerra: frases e fases de uma trajetória política. Recife: Assembléia Legislativa, 2001. 141 p.

ETELVINO Lins. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 4 jun. 2007.

ETELVINO Lins.  Disponível em: . Acesso em: 4 jun. 2007.

ETELVINO Lins. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 4 jun. 2007.

ETELVINO Lins. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 4 jun. 2007.

SILVA, Jorge Fernandes da. Vidas que não morrem. Recife: Departamento de Cultura, 1982. v. 2. p. 107-110.

HOW TO CITE THIS TEXT:

Source: BARBOSA, Virgínia. Etelvino Lins. Pesquisa Escolar Online, Joaquim Nabuco Foudation, Recife. Available at:  <http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009



 

 

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