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Diario de Pernambuco (Pernambuco Daily)

Lúcia Gaspar
Joaquim Nabuco Foundation Librarian
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Latin America’s oldest newspaper still in circulation, the Diario de Pernambuco (Pernambuco Daily) was founded on 7 November 1825, by the printer Antonino José de Miranda Falcão, in Recife.

On the day of its founding, Recife was not yet the capital of the Pernambuco Province (Olinda was), as this only happened on 15 February 1827.

The Diario began at number 267 on rua Direita, in the São José neighbourhood, at the residence of its founder.

It cost 40 réis and was created in a 24.5 x 19cm format, as a single sheet of advertisements, with buying and selling notices for real estate, objects, auctions, to rent, thefts, lost and found, escapes and recaptures of slaves, holidays, as well as entry and departure times for the Port of Recife.

In 1828, the Tipografia do Diario (Diario Press) or Tipografia Miranda & Companhia (Miranda and Company Press) moved, setting up on rua das Flores (today Matias de Albuquerque) where it operated until 1831.

From rua das Flores it moved to number 498 rua da Soledade (which was then called Corredor do Bispo), and from there to house D1, on rua do Sol, and later to Matriz de Santo Antonio plaza. It moved again to rua das Cruzes, 42, rua Duque de Caxias and, in 1903, to its most famous address, a neoclassical style building located on Praça da Independência (Independecnce Plaza), known by the people of Pernambuco as Pracinha do Diario (Diario Plaza), where it remained for 101 years.

In July 2004, the Diario de Pernambuco moved its base once more to 600 rua do Veiga, in Santo Amaro. Problems with access to the city centre and parking difficulties influenced the decision to move the editing of the newspaper to the building of Diários Associados em Pernambuco (Associated Dailies in Pernambuco).

The paper’s old building on Praça da Independência was aquired by the Pernambuco State Government, and would house a Memorial to the Diario, with artefacts and documents about the history and collection of the Arquivo Público Estadual Jordão Emerenciano (Jordão Emerenciano State Public Archive).

The Memorial enabled the saving and preservation of the newspaper’s rise, brought together, in a permanent exhibition open to the public, the first editions, historical editions, old equipment such as the first wooden printing press of 1825, typewriters, cameras and old presses.

The owners of the Diario, besides its founder Antonino José de Miranda Falcão, included commander Manuel Figueiroa de Faria (1835); the former Imperial senator and political leader of Pernambuco councillor Rosa e Silva (1901); the industrial magnate Carlos Benigno Pereira de Lima (1912); Diários e Emissoras Associados (Associated Dailies), founded by Assis Chateaubriand (1931); a Condomínio Associado, a partnership between Pernambuco journalists and businessmen (1994) and finally, in 1997, it returned into the hands of Diários Associados.

Throughout its long rise, the Diario de Pernambuco was censured on several occasions, was the victim of persecution, jamming and depredation, had editions torn up and burned, and was not in circulation on some days in 1911, 1912, 1931 and 1945. However, for all these years, it has told the story of Pernambuco, Brazil and the world through its pages: the Praieira Revolt (1848); the Proclamation of the Republic (1889); the First World War (1914-1918); the arrival of the Zeppelin to Recife (1930); the Second World War (1939-1945); Getúlio Vargas’ suicide (1954), the creation of Sudene (1959); the inauguration of Brasília (1960); the Military Coup of 1964; the moon landing (1969) and many other historically important events.

At the turning of 1920 to 1921, the carrilhão do Diario (Diario carillon) (a clock that marks the hour with music) was installed in the dome of the Plaza building, which plays every thirty minutes and only stopped working during the Second World War.

In 1925, the paper’s centenary was commemorated by Pernambuco high society, reverberating throughout Brazil and even abroad. The anniversary edition (7 November) circulated with 60 pages, having on the cover an illustration by the graphic artist Manuel Bandeira.

It has been honoured by various institutions. One of its commemorations was the launch of the Livro do Nordeste (Book of the Northeast), envisioned and coordinated by the sociologist Gilberto Freyre, putting together a team of intellectuals who wrote about northeast Brazilian subjects and history.

A notable historic event was the assassination of the student Demócrito de Souza Filho on the afternoon of 3 March 1945, by political police, during a public demonstration at the Praça da Independência, when he was shot on the front steps of the Diario building.

The collection of the Diario is preserved on microfilms, from the first edition, and can be viewed in the microfilm section of the Joaquim Nabuco Foundation.

The tradition of Latin America’s oldest newspaper in circulation will, in this way, be preserved indefinitely for future generations.

Recife, 30 July 2004.
(Updated on 24 August 2009).
Translated by Peter Leamy, January 2011.

SOURCES CONSULTED:

DIARIO de casa nova.  Diario de Pernambuco, Recife, 20 jul. 2004.  Especial.
 
NASCIMENTO, Luiz do. História da imprensa de Pernambuco. 2.ed. Recife: UFPE, Emprensa Universitária, 1968. v. 1.

HOW TO CITE THIS TEXT:

Source: GASPAR, Lúcia. Diário de Pernambuco (Pernambuco Dilay). Pesquisa Escolar On-Line, Joaquim Nabuco Foundation, Recife. Available at:  <http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/>. Accessed: day month year. Exemple: 6 Aug. 2009.

 

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